Two Key Reasons to Explain Why Alcohol mixed with Energy Drinks (AmED) is Riskier Than Alcohol Alone
Consumption of Alcohol mixed with Energy Drinks enhances the desire to drink
Consumption of AmED leads to disconnect between subjective state and actual behavioral
So Why Should You Care?
Marczinski, C. A., & Fillmore, M. T. (2003). Dissociative antagonistic effects of caffeine on alcohol-induced impairment of behavioral control. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 11, 228-236.
Marczinski, C. A., & Fillmore, M. T. (2006). Clubgoers and their trendy cocktails: Implications of mixing caffeine into alcohol on information processing and subjective reports of intoxication. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 14, 450-458.
O’Brien, M. C., McCoy, T. P., Rhodes, S. D., Magoner, A., & Wolfson, M. (2008). Caffeinated cocktails: Energy drink consumption, high-risk drinking, and alcohol-related consequences among college students. Academic Emergency Medicine, 15, 453-460.
Thombs, D. L., O’Mara, R. J., Tsukamoto, M., Rossheim, M. E., Weiler, R. M., Merves, M. L., & Goldberger, B. A. (2010). Event-level analyses of energy drink consumption and alcohol intoxication in bar patrons. Addictive Behaviors, 35, 325-330.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). (2010). Caffeinated alcoholic beverages. Retrieved from http://www.fda.gov/Food/IngredientsPackagingLabeling/FoodAdditivesIngredients/ucm190366.htm